Nutrients nourish food. Human nutrition includes water, vitamins, minerals, fiber, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. People’s risk of developing specific medical conditions rises if their food is not balanced correctly in terms of nutrients.

Balanced Nutrition Guide - water, protein, nutrition, guide, food, fats, Drinks, carbohydrates, balance


Nutritional substances found in the human body include water, sugars, amino acids (found in proteins), fatty acids (found in lipids), and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). These substances are made up of substances like carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Any study conducted to ascertain nutritional status must consider the body’s condition before and after experiments, as well as the chemical makeup of the entire diet and all substances excreted and eliminated from the body (including urine and feces). Discover your body’s needs with free nutrition tests and psychological quizzes.


Carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, proteins, vitamins, and water are the seven main classes of human nutrition. Micronutrients and macronutrients are two different categories of nutrients (needed in small quantities). Energy is provided by macronutrients, which include proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Although they are macronutrients, fiber and water do not contain any energy. Minerals and vitamins are examples of micronutrients.

In addition to providing energy, the macronutrients (apart from fiber and water) also serve as building blocks for proteins and cell membranes, as well as some signaling molecules. It is measured in Joules or kilocalories (often referred to as “Calories” and written with a capital “C” to distinguish them from little “c” calories), and some of the structural material can also be used to produce energy internally. While fats provide 37 kJ (9 kcal) per gram and carbohydrates and proteins offer roughly 17 kJ (4 kcal) per gram of power, respectively, the net energy from either depends on factors like digestion and absorption that vary significantly from situation to situation. Water, fiber, vitamins, and minerals are needed for other reasons but do not provide energy. Although the precise causes are still unknown, fiber, or non-digestible food, such as cellulose, appears to be necessary for mechanical and biochemical reasons. Males generally need to consume more macronutrients than females across all age groups. Intakes typically rise as people get older until they reach their second or third decade of life. Fat-soluble vitamins are among the Human nutritions that can be stored, whereas other nutritions are more or less continuously needed. A lack of essential nutrients in the human body or, in the case of some vitamins and minerals, an excess of essential nutrients can result in poor health. The Human body cannot synthesize essential nutrients; they must be obtained from food.

Carbohydrate and lipid molecules comprise carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Complex polysaccharides and simple monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, and galactose) are both types of carbohydrates (starch). Triglycerides, the units of fatty acids bound to a glycerol backbone, constitute fats. The human body can synthesize not all fatty acids, so some are necessary for the diet but not all. In addition to carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, protein molecules also have nitrogen atoms. Amino acids, which contain nitrogen, are the building blocks of protein, some of which are essential because the human body system cannot produce them on its own. Some amino acids can be converted to glucose (with energy expenditure) and used for energy production, like regular glucose through gluconeogenesis. Some glucose can be produced internally by dissolving existing protein; the remaining amino acids are excreted, primarily as urea in urine. This happens naturally during times of starvation or when atrophy occurs.


Carbohydrates include sugar, starch, and fiber.

Sugar: simple carbohydrates. Sugars and refined starches are quickly metabolized and absorbed by the human body. Although they can give one instant energy, they do not make one feel satisfied. They might also raise blood sugar levels. The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes and its complications rises with repeated sugar spikes.

Fiber: is a carbohydrate, too. Some types of fiber are broken down by the human body and used as energy. Some types of fiber are metabolized by gut bacteria, while others pass through the body.

Fiber and unprocessed starch: complex carbohydrates. Compared to sugars and refined carbs, complex carbs are a healthier option. Complex carbohydrates take some time for the human body to digest and absorb. Additionally, fiber may lower the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and colorectal cancer.


Amino acids are organic compounds that naturally occur in proteins. Twenty amino acids exist. Some of these are required, so people must get them from a trusted source. The body can create others. Certain foods offer complete protein, meaning they have every essential amino acid required by the body. Various combinations of amino acids are present in other foods. Most plant-based foods are not complete proteins, so someone who consumes a vegan diet must eat multiple foods throughout the day that contain all nine essential amino acids.


Fats are necessary for:

  • lubricating joints
  • helping organs produce hormones
  • enabling the body to absorb specific vitamins
  • reducing inflammation
  • preserving brain health

An excessive intake of fat can bring on obesity, high cholesterol, liver disease, and other health issues. The kind of fat a person consumes, however, matters. Olive oil is an example of an unprocessed fat that is healthier than saturated fats, which are typically found in animal products

WATER: The adult human body contains up to 60% water, and many bodily functions require water. Water doesn’t give you energy and doesn’t have any calories. Water should be consumed in 2 liters, or 8 glasses, each day, but it can also come from dietary sources like fruit and vegetables. Urine that is a pale yellow color indicates adequate hydration. Requirements will also be influenced by a person’s age and body size, as well as by environmental factors, their level of activity, health, and other factors.